Do your students ever have trouble using questions with and without auxiliaries?
Who won the race? (Why is there no auxiliary verb?)
What did he win? (Why is there an auxiliary verb?)
Here’s a short video I made some time ago which explains it simply. The idea originally came from Scott Thornbury‘s excellent book, How to Teach Grammar (Unit 3).
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It would be much easier to understand if “whom” was still used. Students would have much less problems distinguishing between subject and object. And, of course, it would be grammatically correct. Why the teachers insist on teaching incorrect grammar? Just because lots of people do not know it?